The Forestry Commission of Ghana is unable to effectively protect forest reserves in the Country due to inadequate Logistics,fund and human resources.
Currently 30% of the 48 forest reserves in the Eastern region have been lost mainly through the activities of illegal mining and illegal chainsaw operators.
The Eastern Regional Manager of Forestry commission ,Mr.Atta Owusu in an interview said ,his office is understaffed ,with inadequate fund and lacks monitoring vehicles, making it difficult to efficiently protect the forest reserves hence improvising with the help of the communities along the forest belts.
He also lamented over slow pace of prosecution of forest offenses and lenient conviction of offenders as another challenge.
March 21,2017 marks International Forest Day which is a day set aside globally to raise awareness about the importance of forest hence the need for reservation .
Ghana is said to be among Countries with the highest deforestation rate .The Current deforestation rate of Ghana is estimated to be around 2%.
Since 1950,Ghana has lost about 60% of its forest reserves.
The effect of deforestation in Ghana is drying up of major river bodies which have its sources located in the forests,Biodiversity and ecosystem destruction as well as reduction in carbon sequestration ability are some direct impact of forest degradation .
Drying up of river bodies will compound the situation of water stress in the country.Currently,it is estimated that,close to 10million Ghanaians do not have access to portable drinking water .The situation is worsened by activities of illegal miners polluting river bodies with impunity.The Ghana water company limited says,Ghana stands a risk of importing water by 2030 should the current rate of pollution continue unabated .