World Wetlands Day is a global event marked annually on February 2 ,instituted in 1971 during the adoption of the Ramsar Convention ,at Iranian...
World Wetlands Day is a global event marked annually on February 2 ,instituted in 1971 during the adoption of the Ramsar Convention ,at Iranian City of Ramsar.
The Day is to observe the significants of wetlands . The Standing Committee of the Ramsar Convention on Wetlands approved “Wetlands for a Sustainable Urban Future” as the theme for World Wetlands Day in 2018.
The basic definition of wetlands are areas saturated with water either permanently or seasonally in a way that possesses characteristics of distinct ecosystem.
The Ramsar Convention in other words considers lakes and rivers, underground aquifers, swamps and marshes, wet grasslands, peatlands, oases, estuaries, deltas and tidal flats, mangroves and other coastal areas, coral reefs, and all human-made sites such as fish ponds, rice paddies, reservoirs and salt pans.
Ghana has over the years failed to protect its wetlands leading to encroachments with impunity .The effect is destruction of ecosystem , biodiversity and perrenial flooding in parts of the country.
Wetlands in the country have been encroached with human settlement and Pollution .
The National Disaster Management Organization,NADMO, has been working assiduously to protect the ramsar site at Sakumono in the Greater Accra Region.
Wetlands are very important for human survival .It is among the World’s most productive environments, basics of biological diversity that provide water and productivity which many plant species and animals depend on.
Wetlands are indispensable for the countless benefits or “ecosystem services” that they provide humanity, ranging from freshwater supply, food and building materials, and biodiversity, to flood control, groundwater recharge, and climate change mitigation.
Ghana’s Ministry of Environment must ensure that existing laws protecting wetlands are enforced to avert brunt on the human survival.