Ghana’s national Capital,Accra, is still battling with open defecation.The 2016 District League Table released by the Center for Democratic Development Ghana (CDD-Ghana) reveals that not a single community in the entire 16 metropolitan, municipal and districts in the Greater Accra Region ,which is the seat of government ,has been certified as open-defecation free.
All the communities in the region scored zero in the assessment of household access to toilet facilities.Residents continue to resort to beaches,drains and dumb sites to attend natures call.
Each household is by policy required to have a toilet facility in it, and the district league table measured the implementation of this policy at the community level by the various MMDAs. Research Officer at the Center for Democratic Governance (CDD) Ghana, Mohammed Awal blames this on poor urban planning.
It is estimated that,4.9 million Ghanaians defecate openly whiles 16 million use unsanitary facilities or share latrines.Ghana needs over 90,000 new household toilets constructed each year for the next fifteen years to fix the challenge however,the approach has been very slow to the extend that, UNICEF’s Country Director of Water,Sanitation and Hygiene,David Duncan ,says unless the current effort is accelerated ,it will take Ghana 500 years to end open defecation .
The West African Country records deadly Cholera outbreak every year which kills dozens of People as a result of open defecation .
The District League table supported by UNESCO Ghana, is assessment of the performance of MMDAs in Education, Health, Security, Water, Sanitation & Governance. The Districts are thus measured on indicators such as BECE pass rate, rural water coverage, and community open defecation certification.
It also measures the MMDAs on skilled delivery services in the health sector, police to population coverage and FOAT performance.
Overall, La Nkwantanang-Madina Municipal, Tema Metropolitan, and Awutu Senya East Municipal topped the 2016 League Table, while North Tongu, Ekumfi, and East Gonja Districts came last.